Gum Disease (Periodontitis)

Gum disease

Gum disease (as known as periodontal disease) is the inflammation and infection of the gum and the supporting structures of the teeth. It is a major cause of tooth loss in our population, and is caused by bacteria in the form of plaque.

Smoking is one of the major risk factors of gum disease, but it can also be complicated by other conditions such as diabetes, stress, oral hygiene and various medications.

There are two common types of gum disease, including:


Gingivitis is a reversible inflammatory condition of the gum caused by bacteria in plaque and calculus. It can be treated successfully by the removal of the plaque and calculus, followed by thorough brushing and flossing every day.


This is an advanced stage of gingivitis. Gum pockets are formed and gums may recede from the teeth. Consequently, the teeth can become loose, fall out or require extraction by a dentist. Many teeth can be lost though periodontitis, so early detection is important.

Treatment of gum disease

Treatment of gum disease can stop or slow down the progression of disease, and typically involves:

  • Professional cleaning of the teeth above and below the gum line (into the pockets) to remove the plaque and hard deposits (calculus / tartar)
  • Regular dental check-ups to monitor the treatment of the disease
  • Removing risk factors such as smoking
  • Excellent oral hygiene maintained daily with correct brushing and flossing

As gum diseases can reoccur, maintenance therapy that follows treatment is the most important step in preventing the return of the gum disease. Your dentist will work with you to prevent, monitor and control the gum disease.

Call MC Dental today on (03) 8608 8968 if you think you might be suffering from gum disease, and to book an appointment with one of our experienced dentists.